Hormones function – Things You Should Know

Let’s talk about Hormones function – Things You Should Know.

In the body structure, some different organs and tissues help in the immune system’s daily functioning.

Hence, hormones are chemical messengers secreted directly into the blood; however, they carry them to organs and tissues of your body to exert their functions.

In this article, you will discover the types we have. There are many types of hormones that act on various aspects of bodily functions and processes.

Hormones function: Types of Hormones

  • Metabolism of food items
  • Development and growth
  • Sexual function and reproductive growth and health
  • Cognitive function and mood
  • Maintenance of body temperature and thirst

Hormones function: Where are they secreted from?

Furthermore, hormones are secreted from the endocrine glands in the body.

The glands are ductless, so hormones are secreted directly into the bloodstream rather than by way of ducts.

Hormones function: Some of the major endocrine glands in the body include:

  • Thymus
  • Thyroid
  • Adrenal glands
  • Pituitary gland
  • Pineal gland
  • Pancreas
  • Ovaries
  • Testes

These organs secrete hormone in microscopic amounts, and it takes only tiny amounts to bring about major changes in the body.

Even a very slight excess of hormone secretion can lead to disease states, as can the slightest deficiency in a hormone.

Hormones and diseases

In other words, hormone disorders can be diagnosed in the laboratory and by clinical appearance and features.

Moreso, laboratory tests can also test bodily fluids such as blood, urine, or saliva for hormone abnormalities.

In the case of hormone deficiency, synthetic hormone replacement therapy may be used. In cases of excess hormone production, medications may be used to curb the effects of the hormone.

For instance, a person with an underactive thyroid gland or hypothyroidism may be treated with synthetic thyroxine, which can be taken in the form of a pill. In contrast, a person with an overactive thyroid may be administered a drug such as propranolol to counteract the effects of the excess thyroid hormone.

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